International journal of public administration and management. However, youths influence on national politics remains limited. Political parties, as makers of democracy, have been so romanticized that. Students of political parties have commonly associated them with democracy itself orji, 20. The role of political parties in democratic governance in nigeria. By competing in elections parties offer citizens a choice in governance, and while in opposition they can hold governments accountable. The multiparty setting has pushed the various political parties to press for wide ranging agendas, which include womens expanded political participation. Abstract there is a profound paradox about the peoples democratic party pdp in nigeria. Of the fortythree 43 years of existence as a sovereign state, the military ruled for thirty 30 years.
Political parties are essential institutions of democracy. The paper adopted content analysis as a means of data gathering. Apc candidate muhammadu buhari won the presidential election by almost 2. Therefore, the quest for good leadership is a sinequanon for governance and sustainable development. Emerging trends in womens participation in politics in africa. It provides the means of promoting accountability, collective action, popular participation, inclusiveness, legitimacy through the integration of their competing principles, ideologies and goals for eventual control of the government in the state. Yet, in democratic theory, political parties are voluntary organizations that are supposed to promote democracy. In nigeria, the primary goal of assuming leadership. Pages in category political parties in nigeria the following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. Democracy, democratic institutions, good governance, nigeria 1. The role of political parties in constitutionalising. Many government institutions do not adequately engage with citizens or the private sector and lack the capacity to. The national average of womens political participation in nigeria has remained 6.
Generally, nigeria s political parties have been plagued by suspensions and expulsions of party members, cross carpeting particularly prior to elections and deep divisions and factions that have manifested sometimes in violent conflicts ikelegbe, 20. The party, which earned the respect and admiration of most nigerians, in the. Based on recent research study carried out, it has been realized that. The activities of political parties, impact of democracy to the. Democratic governance and political participation in nigeria 19992014 is a detailed, exhaustive, deep, stimulating and captivating narrative of the nigerian situation. As the title to this paper indicates, it is proposed to argue that the role of political parties is to help democratize and constitutionalize governance as a means of ensuring the welfare of the people in the society concerned. Though, the electoral umpire in nigeria has been playing a significant role in democratic consolidation, good. An assessment of political parties and democratic consolidation in nigerias fourth republic mike omilusi, phd department of political science ekiti state university, nigeria abstract democratic values and practices are crucial for democratic institutionalization and the development of party strength. Pdf the essence of democracy has been in a discouraging state in nigeria since the birth of the fourth republic in 1999. Strengthening the roles of political parties in public. List of political parties in south sudan wikipedia. Sep 03, 2017 the emergence of democratic governance in nigerian political system in 1999 was a land mark in the political development of nigeria.
This article is part of a series on the politics and government of. Whereas the judiciary, the legislature and the judiciary promote horizontal accountability, vertical accountability is promoted by political parties, which link the people and government. The overall project goal was to strengthen the role of women parliamentarians in the provincial assemblies in a way that increases their influence in decisionmaking for effective governance. Owing to the diverse geographical, social and cultural concerns, india has nurtured the growth of the multiparty system. The character and tendencies exhibited by political parties has implications for democratic. The study also posits tentative recommendation on how to strengthen and reposition civil society and democratic governance in nigerias fourth republic. This paper explores an important aspect of nigerias fourth republic politics, which is about the role of the pdp peoples democratic party in general. Republic politics, which is about the role of the pdp peoples democratic party in.
After fifteen years of persistent dictatorship, the return of democracy was received with pump and peagentry by civil societies, labour union, civil rights organization etc. The social contact theory is adopted as framework of analysis while interdisciplinary approach to historical research is also adopted. The aim is not to document the good or ugly things political parties are doing in contemporary east africa a task that has been assigned to practicing politicians who were invited to the conference. The party, which earned the respect and admiration of most nigerians, in the period between 19992007 due to its politics and policies. The role of political parties in democratic governance in nigeria the role of political parties in democratic governance in nigeria a case study of pdp. International journal of public administration and. The role of the prophet in the millennial movement generally has been found to reflect webers emphasis upon prophetism being associated with social and political crisis or radical social change. Democratic development and the role of citizenship.
The role of traditional institutions in political change and. A crucial element of the shift towards multiparty system has been the formation of political parties by several women. The democratic system in nigeria is riddled with corruption, bribery, human rights abuses, electoral frauds, godfatherism, violence, economic injustice and the rise in ethnic militia movements that tend to make mockery of nigeria claim to democratic governance. Democratic development and the role of citizenship education. The role of political parties in constitutionalising governance. Even in authoritarian countries, dictators need political parties to consolidate power and maintain governance. Pdf gender relations in nigerias democratic governance. Pdf this paper examines the roles of political parties in democracy. The role of political parties in democratic governance in nigeria a case study of pdp. Also in terms of function, the roles played by the political parties toward democratic governance in nigerian fourth republic. The countrys extreme factionalism led to an incoherent party system with a large number of parties that deepened ethnic and religious cleavages. As a struggling young democracy, ensuring the representation of women at all decisionmaking.
Becker a diverse and growing body of research and writing on the role of media in democratic development exists in the literatures of political science, mass communication, economics and sociology, as well as other fields. Introduction in 1960, when nigeria attained political independence from britain under a democratic parliamentary system, there was high hope as to the nations ability to lead other african countries in the area of proper democratic governance. Good democratic governance can therefore be acknowledged as the term that symbolizes the paradigm shift of the role of governments. Role of political parties in india elections in india. Political parties and party systems in africa published by the berkeley electronic press, 2007 minority premium e. The paper insisted that governance collapse in nigeria is reflexive of the perfunctory role of the political actors and it adopted elite theory to reinforce this argument. Political parties and the prospects of democratic consolidation in. Pdp and apc remains the strongest parties in nigeria in the opinion of the researcher. Generally, political parties are very essential to democratic governance. Sc degree programme in public administration school of management sciences smsnational open university of nigeria noun. It is enthusiastically recommended for those who wish to know more about contemporary nigerian history. Democratic governance in nigeria has been a different thing when compared to what is obtainable in other parts of the world.
However, actively promoting the inclusion of youth in political processes. Their role is to make governance more democratic, constitutional and republican. Political parties political parties in nigeria have almost always been regionally and ethinically based. Initially, three political parties peoples democratic party pdp, the all peoples party app, later all nigerian people party anpp, and the alliance for democracy ad were.
Nigerias first and second republics, political parties were regionally based, and their. Democracy has been accepted globally as the best form of government but the. It constitutes a central instrument of democratic governance. Nov 29, 2015 generally, political parties are very essential to democratic governance. It has glued itself to power so long that nigerians who are sixteen years old as at the enthronement of the 3rrepublic by 1999 have come to regard the khaki as a staff of office. Political parties give life to democracy and are insulators to it as well abdullateef, 2016. Another participant concluded that party regulations were a critical element of multiparty democracy but that there exists no universal rule for such regulations. The three political parties were the national council of nigeria and the cameroons ncnc. This paper looks at the role of traditional institutions, especially chiefs, in ghanaian society and politics. The purpose of the study is to highlight the role of political parties in democratic government with the ruling pdp as a case study 19992007, the study will critically analyze the issues, to examine the circumstance leading to the formation of political party and its impact on internal democracy of the party, to examine the programmes of the party with a view of establishing their relevance. At this stage, election was restricted to the municipalities lagos and calabar with grossly unacceptable elitist prerequite for franchise which among other things required the electorates to be resident in lagos and calabar, have. Democracy, party politics and good governance the role of. A governance approach highlights issues of state responsiveness and accountability, and the impact of these factors on political stability and economic development.
Sep 24, 2015 things should be done in an orderly, predictable manner, and for sustainability of democracy, political parties, particularly the ruling party must have respect for democratic governance and. The challenges of leadership and governance in africa. Over a period of time, national and regional political parties became the vital constituents of the worlds largest democracy, india. In the process of nigerias political development, the role of the military cannot be ignored. The role of traditional institutions in political change. The second political party was the northern peoples congress npc and it. Furthermore, youth engagement in formulating tomorrows politics is crucial because inclusive participation is a fundamental political and democratic right. The party, which earned the respect and admiration of most nigerians, in the period between 1999 2007 due to its politics and policies. The military and democratic governance in nigeria dr. Handbook on promoting womens participation in political.
History of political parties in nigeria nigerian finder. Political parties play an important role in supporting a democratic institution. E, okpala in the process of nigeria s political development, the role of the military cannot be ignored. Role of political parties in democratic governance in nigeria. The central role played by political parties in the development and nurturing of a virile democracy and its consolidation. There is a profound paradox about the peoples democratic party pdp in nigeria. Analysing the democracy and democratic practise in nigeria. When citizens join political parties, volunteer their time, donate money and vote for their leaders, they are exercising their basic democratic rights. Parties tend to be deeply and durably entrenched in specific substructures of society in a sustainable and well functioning democracy. There are roadblocks to a strong democracy in nigeria at all levels of government. The role of political parties at the local government level. Democracy, political participation and good governance in. The second part of the paper looks at, and discusses the concepts of critical citizenship and citizenship education, and the role they could play in rerouting depressed democratic and social development situations in the area.
The role of political parties in democratic development in. International journal of advanced legal studies and governance vol. Democracy is a catalyst for accountability, transparency and responsive government which brings about good governance. The first set of political parties to be formed in nigeria was formed in 1959, shortly before nigeria gained her independence from britain.
The all progressives congress apc is a political party in nigeria, formed on 6 february 20 in anticipation of the 2015 elections. A political party is defined as an organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office. Democracy, political participation and good governance in nigeria. Political parties are traditionally the most significant intermediary organization in democratic societies. There is a general sense that traditional politics and representative democracy. Its main contribution lies in enhancing mutual trust and strengthening politicians awareness of the value that political parties add to democratic society by providing political parties with a platform to help establish their identity.
Political parties as instrument of deepening good governance in. This work based on direct study and use of secondary data examines the role of the pdp in governance in the period 19992007. South sudan liberal party 2010present labour party south sudan lpss 2011present south sudan communist party 2011present african national congress anc south sudan 2006 present defunct parties. Democratic change dc4 african national congress anc 5 seats parties not represented in parliament. Department of political science college of education, ikereekiti, ekiti state, nigeria abstract it is quite intriguing that fiftytwo years after nigeria attained her nominal. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, it can be concluded that while the political parties have been the bedrock for ghanas democratic transition and consolidation processes, there are a number of key issues such as internal party. In simple terms, the objective of the paper is to identify and discuss the challenges to democracy and good governance in the country and proffer suggestions for a better democratic nigeria. Strengthening womens political participation and leadership. The role of political parties in democratic governance in.
This handbook on promoting womens participation in political parties aims at encouraging political party leaders, men and women alike, to support the integration of gender aspects into internal political party decisionmaking processes. It asks what kind of contribution they might make to the strengthening of civil society and to democratic demands for better government. The imperative of popular participation to democratic governance has engendered intense academic discourse on the political alienation of women across the globe including nigeria. Pdf political parties and democratic consolidation. Conflicttriggered by political competition and communal, ethnic, religious or resource allocation rivalriesposes a major threat to democracy. Independent national electoral commission 2015 manual for electoral officials. On the other hand, it is rarely a complete break with the past and more often a process of bridging past and present, the traditional and the new. This aspect of the process embodies undeniable opportunities and challenges at the time of writing, lara natalini was a research fellow at the africa institute of south africa. Democratic governance and political participation in nigeria. A more nuanced perspective suggests that some countries, such as south africa, ghana, senegal, and botswana have recently made significant moves toward creating legitimate and generally successful governance systems, which demonstrate the potential for democratic consolidation. Generally, nigerias political parties have been plagued by suspensions and expulsions of party members, cross carpeting particularly prior to elections and deep divisions and factions that have manifested sometimes in violent conflicts ikelegbe, 20.289 382 1116 869 495 702 242 124 644 1191 1001 371 786 891 56 1234 1342 87 989 100 810 80 720 488 977 1238 1248 72 441 1067 1308 957 250 1116 577 752 212 955 1346 1050 812 629 607 1110 715